Both cameras are manufactured by the Nikon Company which is reputed for its innovation in the camera world. Although, the crown of number 1 belongs to another Company which we won’t mention here. The Nikon brand, however, is pushing hard for that top spot as it sits in second place.
In this article, we look at which camera works better for a particular situation, explain their common features, and see what features make each distinct to the other camera being compared.
Further on, we check out their common pros and cons, before telling you what users think about the cameras.
You might also be interested in this Nikon D3400 vs D5600 article, and see how the D3400 compares with another camera from Nikon’s D5XXX series.
Comparison Overview – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
The Nikon D3400 was announced on the 17th of August 2016 while the D5300 was announced in October 2013. This means the D5300 is older than the D3400 by 2 years and 10 months.
Both cameras possess the same sensor type as well as megapixel resolution. A lot is shared in common between these two cameras in terms of image quality. However, the Nikon D5300 has a better autofocus thanks to its possession of more focus points than the D3400.
Furthermore, the D5300 boasts a better screen than that of the D3400: It is larger, has more resolution, and it is fully articulated.
Comparing the battery lives of both cameras leaves a lot to be desired of the Nikon D5300. This is because the Nikon D3400 can last twice as long as the D5300.
The body of the Nikon D3400 comes in just 2 colors (black and red) while the Nikon D5300 has 3 colors (black, grey and red). This gives you a choice of what color your camera should come in. Most cameras do not present users with this color option.
Price/Value Ratio – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
Looking at the prices of both cameras, the Nikon D3400 is cheaper than the D5300. It seems Nikon had the customers at heart as they sought to make the camera affordable to all.
The same cannot be said of the D5300. There is a 38 percent difference in price between both cameras. (Price rate though isn’t fixed).
In terms of the value they deliver, both cameras offer adequate value for their price.
Comparison Table – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
|Nikon D3400||Nikon D5300|
|Dimensions||124 x 98 x 76 mm (4.9 x 3.9 x 3 inches)||125 x 98 x 76mm (4.9 x 3.9 x 3 inches)|
|Weight||445g (0.98 lb)||480g (1.06 lb)|
|Screen Size||3.0 inches LCD||3.2 inches LCD|
|Screen Resolution||921k dots||1037k dots|
|Battery Life||1200 shots||600 shots|
|Shutter Lag||0.20 seconds||0.29 seconds|
|ISO||100 – 25600||100 – 12800|
Check out 5 major differences between the Nikon D34000 vs D5300 in the video that follows
Which is Best for What Situation – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
|Nikon D3400||Nikon D5300|
| The Nikon D3400 is a beginner’s DSLR camera and as such is appropriate for those just getting into photography. |
It offers one a lot of important features and functions of DSLR cameras without making it too complicated.
The camera even has a built-in guide that teaches you how to use it.
| If you are involved in vlogging or like to take selfies with your camera, the Nikon D5300 fits the bill. |
It has an articulating screen that you can easily turn to face you.
|The lightweight of the Nikon D3400 makes it suitable for daily photography. Since such photography demands constant movement.|| Street photography requires a lot of flexibility in taking shots that involve complicated angles. This cannot be done easily with a camera that has a fixed screen. |
The Nikon D5300’s articulating screen lets you take those complicated shots involved.
|The battery life lets you use the Nikon D3400 for extended periods without the need to recharge. It comes in handy in situations where there isn’t access to recharging.||The Nikon D5300 has better autofocus than the D3400 with more focus points and cross-type focus points. |
These help you focus on a point apart from the center as well as giving more details.
These features make it suitable for sports photography.
|The Nikon D3400 doesn’t perform as well as the D5300.|| Taking pictures of landscapes most times require that the precise location is gotten. A camera that comes with a GPS allows you to geo-tag your pictures. |
The Nikon D5300 has a GPS that facilitates this.
Common Features – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
Similarities between cameras is a common occurrence and more so with cameras from the same manufacturer.
In this section, we describe the features that are common to both the Nikon D3400 and the D5300.
The sensor in your camera is a major decider of the quality of your image. This is further supported by the size of your sensor.
A larger sensor is bound to improve your image quality on the following aspects than that of a smaller sensor: Bigger single pixels, better sensitivity in low-light, richer color accuracy (depth), broader dynamic range as well as better control as regards depth-of-field.
As regards the size of a sensor, it is worth mentioning that a larger sensor would ultimately cause the camera to be heavier. The lenses of the cameras would also be affected to support the size of the sensor.
Apart from the increase in the camera’s weight, your pockets would also experience a certain kind of weight. This is because larger sensors’ manufacturing cost is expensive, and this would significantly tell on the price of the camera. Ergo, you pay more for cameras with larger sensors.
Having seen the importance of a sensor in a camera, what sensor does the Nikon D3400 and D5300 use? Both cameras are fitted with the APS-C sensor type with a 1.5 crop factor (or format factor). They also possess a native aspect ratio of 3:2. The aspect ratio of a computer is the ratio between the sensor’s width to its height.
The amazing thing about both cameras in our comparison is that they are properly balanced between weight and quality. The sensor size is classified as medium-sized which makes both cameras portable but still good enough to deliver quality images.
Lens Mount and Lenses
The Nikon D3400 and D5300 are equipped with the Nikon F mount that can be easily interchanged. Also, the same lenses can be used for both cameras. A good number of 302 native lenses are available for both cameras.
The lens you make use of can improve or decrease your image quality. This means the D3400 could produce better images using another lens in a natural situation where the D5300 would have done better. So be careful in choosing a lens for your camera.
Since the type of lens used affects your image quality, allow us to recommend the Nikon AF-S Nikkor 50mm f/1.8G Lens for both cameras. This will save you the stress of having to choose a lens yourself.
Also, 88 lenses that enable image stabilization can be used by both Nikon D3400 and D5300. The use of an optical stabilization lens is important as both cameras lack image stabilization.
Image stabilization is the function in cameras that prevents it from experiencing a shake that could cause a blur during a shoot.
The type of viewfinder your camera possesses determines how well you frame your shots.
Most cameras that are highly rated usually have an optical viewfinder. This is the same viewfinder both the Nikon D3400 and D5300 are equipped with.
The optical viewfinder gives you a better ability to frame and control your shots. It is extremely useful in sunny conditions as it is at the eye-level. It also reduces power consumption as compared with electronic viewfinders.
The optical viewfinder of the Nikon D3400 and D5300 are made of pentamirrors. This is a let-down as pentamirrors do not allow enough light to pass through. This means they might cause your picture quality to reduce in areas where there isn’t enough light. The better option would have been a pentaprism which allows the inflow of light into the camera.
The viewfinder type isn’t where the similarities end for these cameras. Apart from having an optical viewfinder, both have a 0.57x magnification and 95 percent field of view.
Face Detection Focus
This feature causes your camera to place much focus and emphasis on the face of a person in your shot rather than the background. It is useful when taking portraits as it demands extra details on the face of the person.
Both the Nikon D3400 and Nikon D5300 come with the face detection feature making both suitable portrait cameras.
Sensor Resolution (Megapixels)
The sensor resolution or megapixel of a camera determines the details your camera can pick when you take shots. So the higher your megapixel, the more details you get.
For both cameras in this comparison, none surpasses the other as both possess a megapixel of 24.
However, it shouldn’t come as a surprise if the picture details of the Nikon D3400 looks better than the D5300 and vice versa.
The D3400 might look better due to advancement in technology between the periods both cameras were manufactured: The upgrades received would no doubt come into play. Then, for the D5300, certain functions that surpass that of the D3400 might also influence the difference.
Sensor size vs sensor resolution: Which is more important? Find out in the video below.
This feature allows you to get enhanced image quality as opposed to images in JPEG format. The RAW file format is the highest format your image can come in. It is also the format that is unprocessed; meaning you get exactly what you shot. The RAW format is generally preferred by photographers as it allows easier editing.
The Nikon D3400 and the D5300 both support this format.
When it comes to the storage medium, both cameras are fitted with a single storage card slot. This allows you to insert an SD card where your picture and video files are stored.
A single-slot, however, means you have limited storage space as compared to some cameras that have double slots.
The use of an SD card allows you to easily remove and replace it with a new one without deleting your images or videos. You could also remove it and insert it into other devices to view your images or videos.
A camera’s connectivity option is a factor that determines the appreciation a camera gets in this era of ours.
The Nikon D3400 and D5300 can easily connect to other devices via an HDMI cable as they possess an HDMI port.
This can be used to connect your camera to a larger screen like the Neewer F100 7-inch Screen to enable you to view your images and videos better.
The EXPEED 4 is used by Nikon in their cameras and is only superseded by 4 other EXPEED processors.
This processor uses less power and reduces noise while shooting. It also enables the camera in multi-tasking and improves a camera’s autofocus speed. Its video capture is at 50/60fps as well as other improvements to the previous 7 EXPEED processors.
The Nikon D3400 and D5300 are both fitted with the EXPEED 4 processor.
Do you need to take a shot in a low-light environment? Don’t worry; both cameras are fitted with a built-in flash that lets you take pictures in dim light. The importance of having a camera with a built-in flash cannot be over-emphasized.
The Nikon D3400 and D5300 possess an external hot-shoe. An external flash can easily be fitted to allow for enhanced flash photography.
As is always the case with in-built flashes, the Nikon D3400 and D5300 built-in flash don’t always deliver.
Apart from being used to attach an external flash, the hot shoe is also used to attach other accessories such as rangefinders, viewfinders, light meters, etc.
A camera that has a hot shoe can easily boost its overall performance with the aid of certain accessories.
With this feature, you can control your camera’s functions remotely. You can access your camera and operate it like you would your TV using your remote. However, in this case, the remote would be your smartphone.
This is all about convenience, and we love being comfortable in this time we live in. Both cameras possess this function of remote controlling.
Apart from smartphones, the Nikon D3400 makes use of the ML-L3 infrared remote for this function. The Nikon D5300, on the other hand, can be controlled via wired or wireless means.
Unique Features – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
The Nikon D3400 and D5300 might be similar, yet they also are quite different from each other. So in this section, we look at those unique features each camera possesses that the other doesn’t.
Unique Features of Nikon D3400
The Nikon D3400 comes with a built-in Bluetooth that lets you sync your camera with other Bluetooth devices. Bluetooth headphones and other such accessories can easily be used alongside your camera.
Using a Bluetooth headphone while shooting video scenes can be quite the experience as it allows you the freedom to move as you desire.
Built-in Guide System
The Nikon Company fitted the Nikon D3400 with an internal guide that teaches the user how to operate the camera. This is highly commendable as this introduces and familiarizes the beginner photographer with camera terms and functions.
Unique Features of Nikon D5300
“First of all, let me take a selfie”. Well, you can do that as much as you want with the Nikon D5300. This camera comes with an articulated screen that allows you to turn it towards yourself as you make personal shots. This is particularly useful and will be loved for those who vlog: Heck, we all love it.
This feature allows you to take shots at odd angles as the screen is flexible. This can be used even while in landscape or portrait mode.
The quality of an audio recording can be enhanced with the use of an external microphone. For this to happen, a camera must possess a microphone port.
The Nikon D5300 boasts of a microphone port that would always come in handy when needed.
If you want to buy an external microphone, our recommendation would be the TAKSTAR SGC-598 Interview Microphone.
The Nikon D5300 comes with a built-in Wi-Fi that allows you to share your images and videos wirelessly. This feature allows you to share your photos straight to your social media platforms and enhances connectivity with other devices.
The Nikon D5300 stepped up to the present demands of the 21st century concerning the easy sharing of photos and videos. This saves you the stress of having to send them first to your phone before you can upload them.
A camera fitted with GPS allows global positioning which can be used by the photographer to geo-tag his/her photos. This is a feature that is possible while using the Nikon D5300.
Geotagging causes others to know where a particular shot was taken.
A time-lapse video is a series of pictures from a particular position taken over a long period that has been put together to form a short video. It is captured time sped up.
Photographers use this to capture cloud movements, rising sun, setting sun, growing plants, etc.
The Nikon D5300 has the time-lapse recording feature.
Learn how to create a sunrise or sunset timelapse in the video below.
Unique Pros – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
Unique Pros of Nikon D3400
The sensitivity of your camera’s sensor can be easily known by knowing the camera’s ISO. The ISO is a measure of how sensitive your camera’s sensor is.
A higher ISO range means higher sensor sensitivity while a lower ISO range means lower sensor sensitivity. The sensitivity of your sensor determines the amount of light it can get into the camera to bring about a well-illuminated image. This feature helps when capturing moving objects as well as shooting in dim environments.
Both Nikon D3400 and D5300 come with a minimum ISO 100. But when we check out the maximum range of both cameras’ ISO, we discover the difference.
The D5300 is only able to reach an ISO value of 12800 while D3400 doubles this with a 25,600 ISO maximum range. However, the D5300 can be boosted to a maximum ISO of 25,600 in burst mode: Still, the D3400 has the advantage here.
The next pro also shows us another area where the Nikon D3400 doubles over the D5300
Better Battery Life
A long-lasting battery in any device is the dream of any user. Sometimes we get amazing cameras, yet the battery lets us down. And sometimes we get cameras that thrill us with its long-lasting battery.
The Nikon D3400 is a camera with a battery life that we are proud of. It can take up to 1200 shots after a single charge; tell us if that isn’t pretty impressive for a beginner’s camera.
It gives the photographer enough chance to discover and learn new things as they enter the world of photography: Even seasoned photographers can benefit from it as well.
In comparison with the Nikon D5300, the D3400’s battery life is double that of the aforementioned camera. The D5300 can last for just 600 shots after a single charge.
It is worth mentioning that the battery longevity of the D3400 has been attributed to the fact that it has a weaker flash. The use of Bluetooth instead of Wi-Fi; as the latter consumes power has been stated to be another reason for the battery’s longevity.
A camera is supposed to be an image capturing equipment and not a piece of gym equipment. This means weight matters as you go about doing your job.
The Nikon D3400 is significantly lighter with a weight of 445g as compared to the Nikon D5400 weight of 480g.
The lighter the camera, the easier it is for you to manually stabilize your image, especially if you don’t have image stabilization lenses. This is important, as neither the D3400 nor the D5300 have an image stabilization function.
Not only is the Nikon D3400 lighter than the D5400, but it is also cheaper. (The weight has nothing to do with the price).
In most cases, the D3400 is usually cheaper than the D5400 by 38 percent: Wow, that’s a lot of money saved.
Do note, however, as it is with most prices that there could be changes in the market.
Bigger RAW Buffer
The bigger the buffer of your camera, the longer you can continue taking pictures during continuous shooting mode (burst mode). This is because the buffer serves as a temporary storage area during those successive shots before permanent storage. Every camera’s buffer has its limit and once this is filled up, continuous shooting stops.
An image can be saved as either a RAW format or JPEG. During continuous shooting, the RAW and JPEG files have a particular limit of images that can be saved per time. As we mentioned above in the common features section, both cameras support the RAW format.
When it comes to the number of RAW shots these cameras can hold per time, the difference is revealed. The D3400 has 12 shots that can be saved in the buffer before shooting stops, while the Nikon D5300 has a buffer capacity of just 4 shots.
Faster RAW Shooting
Apart from having a bigger RAW buffer than the Nikon D5300, the D3400 is faster when shooting RAW photos in burst mode. It has a shooting speed of 5.1 flaps per second as compared to the 4.0 flaps per second of the D5300. This means you get to take more pictures with the D3400 than the D5400.
Lesser Shutter Lag
Shutter lag is the period between when you click the shutter and when your image gets saved.
This little delay most times would cause you to wait before taking the next shot. A reduced shutter lag, therefore, lets you take pictures in quicker succession. It also gives you better focus and a wider angle.
The Nikon D3400 has a shutter lag of 0.20 seconds while the D5300 has 0.29 seconds shutter lag. The Nikon D3400 is better in this aspect by 0.09 seconds.
Unique Pros of Nikon D5300
The Nikon D5300 has 3.2 inches LCD screen as compared to the D3400’s 3.0 inches LCD screen (0.2 inches larger).
The D5300 gives you a wider working area as you get to interact with your camera. It prevents you from stressing your eye as it allows you to notice details in your camera easier than you would with a smaller screen. It also gives you a better view of angles in your shots.
Better Screen Resolution
A large screen is worthless if its resolution is poor. The screen resolution for the Nikon D5300 is higher than the D3400 by 12 percent. It has a resolution of 1,037,000 dots while the D3400 has a resolution of 921,000 dots.
Farther Telephoto Lens Reach
Using the kit lens, the Nikon D5300 can capture images from a distance of about 210mm away. This is 127 times more than that of the D3400.
Find out why you need a telephoto lens in the video below.
Better Low-Light ISO
The Nikon D3400 might have a higher maximum ISO range than the D5300, but the latter has a better low light ISO.
The Nikon D5300 possesses higher ISO sensitivity than the D3400 with a value of 1388 as compared to 1192. This is extremely useful in low-light conditions such as indoor events.
Extra Focus Points
Focus points refer to areas in the image where a camera can pay more attention; thereby enhancing the details of that area. The default focus point of all cameras is at the center. A camera with more focus points can pinpoint other areas in the image other than the center.
The Nikon D5300 has 39 focus points while the D3400 has just 11. That gives the Nikon D5300 extra 18 focus points than the D3400.
More Cross-type AF Points
Cross-type AF points help in enhancing the efficiency of your camera’s auto-focus function. A camera with more cross-type AF points would give you more control over your camera’s auto-focus function.
The Nikon D5300 is better than the D3400 in this regard it has 9 cross-type AF points as compared to just 1 of the D3400.
Unique Cons – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
Unique Cons of Nikon D3400
i. No Wi-Fi.
ii. It cannot create time-lapse videos.
iii. No built-in GPS
iv. No microphone jack
Common Pros – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
|Nikon D3400||Nikon D5300|
|Good Video Resolution||The video frame rate of the Nikon D3400 is pegged at 1080 x 60 flaps per second. This is pretty good for a camera in its category.||Same as Nikon D3400|
|Has AF Tracking|| Autofocus tracking is important while taking objects that are in motion. Most times when the autofocus is set on an object and it changes position, you tend to get an out of focus image. |
The Nikon D3400 corrects this as it comes with AF tracking which follows the object’s movement and change of position.
This is only achieved however when your shutter release is held down partially.
|Same as Nikon D5300|
Common Cons – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
|Nikon D3400||Nikon D5300|
|No Environmental Sealing||The Nikon D3400 is not equipped with environmental sealing. This means the condition of the weather and noise from your surroundings will affect your image and video quality.||Same with Nikon D3400|
|No Touch Screen||The Nikon D3400 does not have a touchscreen which means you have to interact with your camera via buttons.||Same as Nikon D3400|
|No Image Stabilization|| The Nikon D3400 does not have image stabilization. This means your pictures could get blurred if there is a shake while shooting. |
However, 88 lenses are available to correct this; but you’ll have to buy them separately.
|Same as Nikon D3400|
|No Fine Tune Option||The absence of AF micro-adjustment (also known as fine-tuning) in the Nikon D3400 does not give you the option of fine-tuning or adjusting your autofocus.||Same as Nikon D3400|
|No Panorama||A panoramic photo is not possible with the Nikon D3400 as it does not have this function.||Same as Nikon D3400|
|No Top Deck Display||The Nikon D3400 does not have a top deck display that gives the user easier access to the camera’s settings.||Same as Nikon D3400|
|No NFC (Near Field Communication)|| The near field communication is a technology that lets your camera pair easily with your smartphones that are supported. |
The Nikon D3400 does not support this function, so you’ll have to settle with the Bluetooth.
|Same as Nikon D3400 but the D5300 has Wi-Fi instead of Bluetooth.|
|No Slow Motion||You can shoot videos with the Nikon D3400. One thing you won’t be doing in the process is making slow-motion videos; you aren’t doing that ever.||Same as Nikon D3400|
|No Headphone Jack|| It is cool and also useful using a headphone while you shoot videos. It helps you observe the audio of your video. |
That’s one thing the Nikon D3400 expects you to do without. It does not come with a headphone jack that allows you to connect with a headphone.
|Same as Nikon D3400|
|Single Storage Card Slot|| Every one needs extra storage space and some cameras do this by offering double card slots. |
Unfortunately, the Nikon D3400 does not offer this to its users. It is fitted with a single storage card slot.
|Same as Nikon D3400|
General Feeling among Users – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
|Nikon D3400||Nikon D5300|
|Most users praised the Nikon D3400 for its lasting battery life.||The battery life of the Nikon D5300 was a major bummer to users. They complained that the 600 shots capacity didn’t allow for much photographing especially at events.|
|Although the Nikon D3400 users would have loved having a camera with a microphone port, most have accepted their lot.||The Nikon D5300 has a microphone port that allows users to make use of an external microphone.|
|A lot of users are stoked to have gotten the camera for the price they did. They say it is worth the price and affordable.||Nikon D5300 users have come to appreciate the camera over time due to its functions. So the price isn’t an issue for most of these folks.|
|Not all care much about the absent GPS in the camera.||As much as the users of Nikon D5300 appreciate the GPS it comes with, some have complaints. They complain that the GPS isn’t as sensitive as expected.|
Our Take – Nikon D3400 vs D5300
|Nikon D3400||Nikon D5300|
|The Nikon D3400 is as good as any amateur DSLR camera you might found out there. We highly recommend this camera for anyone just getting started with photography.||This amateur DSLR camera is reliable as they come. Its wide array of features and functions make it a very creative camera to shoot up your photographing abilities. The Nikon D5300 is a great camera that arms your shots with a good quality focus.|